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Osiris Isis and Horus in ancient cultures of Egypt and Greece 2,000 BC

Ancient Mediterranean Cultures and Advanced Civilizations

by Nataša Pantović

The Tao of Logos

During the past 50 / 100 years , more and more archeological and findings further enlighten our knowledge of Humanity’s strive for democracy, justice, art, of what we now call "advanced civilizations" of cultures around Mediterranean 2/3/4,000 BC. Not at all a recent adventure, this drive within Humankind, has fully flourished in ancient countries all around Mediterranean for more than 2,000 years.

Eye of Horus ancient Egyptian Symbol 3000 BC

Why should we care?

For the last two thousands years, our writings were reserved for Kings, our knowledge passed among the privileged few, the image of women distorted, and abused. Learning, researching, exloring in our wish not to repeat Humanity’s shadow side, past mistakes, the genocides, the endless wars, the destructive spirals of greed, examining the birth-place of European culture and civilization, going back in time, before Romans, we acknowledge the beauty of the remarkably well preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia (in Cyprus) that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site dating to approximately 6800 BC; of 30 + Ancient Neolithic Temples in Malta dating 3500 BC, of Ancient Greeks Polis, the city states, dating 2,000 BC, of Ancient Egypt, of Babylon, of Ugarit (now Syria), of Thrace and its amazing Universities, we now connect to our roots truthfully in an amazment, full of wonder towards what they have achieved within their cultures.

Ancient Egypt or Ancient Greece

Yahbulon as the Supreme God

It was the mystical (female) knowledge of our major religions that passed to us, mortals, the of Gods or occult, hidden secrets in the form of symbols, art, music or language, sacred words.

Following the mystical names of the Supreme God from these regions, the one that gives all the power imaginable, we came across “Yahbulon” as the name of the Masonic mystical god carried within their praying rituals through the centuries.

Baal 1400 BC Ancient Ugarit Phoenician coast Louvre

Bronze figurine of a Baal as a God 1400 BC found in ancient Ugarit (Syria) Musée du Louvre

The name Jahbulon consists of:

יהּ Yah, or I AM = Yahweh

בּעל b'el, Baal meaning owner or “a Lord”. The Ugaritic ancient records show Baal as a weather god, with particular power over lightning, a bit like Greek God Zeus.

און on, Eternal Omnipotent Divine Essence

On, thought to be a name of Osiris is also a symbol for Gold. Symbolically represented as “O” the Egyptian Hrw, Horus was adopted into ancient Greek as Ὧρος, Hōros, a mountain, gold. Today, the Mount Athos is a sacred mountain in Greece that is an Eastern Orthodox Monks secluded peninsula known as Hilandar, a home to 20 monasteries, most probably also full of ancient temples’ remains to Horus.

Family triad of Gods: Osiris, Isis, and Horus


Egyptian Isis with Horus Isis nursing Horus 700 BC at Walters Art Museum

Isis was a major goddess within ancient Egypt, the time of our travel is 2500 BC, the area we are observing is the Ancient Egyptian and Greco Mediterranean worlds. Mother of Horus, and a wife to Osiris she was in charge of the mortals after death experiences, her image is linked to funerary practices and magical texts and temple rites of the pharaoh. Possessing healing powers, in art usually portrayed as a woman wearing a throne hieroglyph on her head.

Within the Ancient Egyptian mythology, Isis creator god, her father, is Atum or Ra.

In one myth, Isis creates a snake that bites Ra, and in an exchange for the cure, to extract the venom, Ra gives her the supreme secret of his true name - a sound that gives an ultimate power. She passes the name to Horus, her son.

Anubis, Isis, Nephthys in the Theban Tomb 335 (Nakhtamun), from the reign of Ramesses II 1300 BC

Anubis, Isis, Nephthys in the Theban Tomb 335 (Nakhtamun), from the reign of Ramesses II 1300 BC

Many researchers explored Isis's name hoping to follow her through the ages examining the sound of her name. Her Egyptian name was ꜣst, or Ēse in the Coptic form of Egyptian, and Ἶσις Isis in Ancient Greek.

The Pyramid Texts, 2400 BC, suggest the nature of the pharaoh to be both Horus and Osiris. The pharaoh as Horus in life becomes Osiris in death, where s/he unites with the other gods. New incarnations of Horus are blessed as new pharaohs. Isis is an etheric mum of Pharaohs, while an incarnated divine soul of her son Horus is within their material form on Earth. This is the reason why many of the oldest-known Egyptian pharaohs were only known by the name of Horus.

She was the goddess, energy, spirit that makes a man into a king. Her son Horus was an incarnate of each living pharaoh.


Greek and Egyptian culture were highly intermingled at this time, one could probably see the same rituals dedicated to Isis in Egyptian temples and in front of her statue inside Greek temples.

In Egyptian mythology Horus was the god of light, often depicted as a man with the head of a falcon. Since Horus is the sky, his images have the sun as his right eye and the moon as his left.

Jewels of princesses 2400 BC Horus as birds and Ancient Egyptian Symbol of Gold

Jewels of five princesses 2400 BC excavated at Dāhshur in 1894, image of Encyclopædia Britannica 1911

Falcon and snake Ancient Egypt name of Horus in Louvre 2500 BC

Falcon and Snake, Ancient Egypt name of Horus in Louvre 2500 BC

Djet was the fourth pharaoh of the First Dynasty. Djet's Horus name means "Horus Cobra" or "Serpent of Horus".

Also known as the Golden Horus Name, this form of the pharaoh's name is the image of a Horus falcon perched above or beside the hieroglyph for gold.

Horus Falcon Bronze Statue 2600 BC in Brooklyn Museum

Horus Falcon Bronze Statue 2600 BC in Brooklyn Museum

The combination of the Horus falcon and the gold hieroglyph is frequently found on Ancient Egyptian art

The philosophical research concerning the divine poses the question: Is there a meaning / sense / purpose to voicing / writing / reading as us finite beings talk about God and Infinity?

Is a human being really able to discuss God and Cosmos?

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